How often should differential fluid be changed? The frequency at which you have to replace your front and rear differential fluid is determined by your vehicle, the quality of differential fluid, and operating conditions.
That’s a blurry response for how often to change differential oil, but it’s accurate.
If you only drive your vehicle on the road in mild weather and seldom haul or tow with it, you probably don’t need to replace the front or rear differential oil very frequently.
However, if you regularly pull a trailer or haul materials and the operating temperatures are up and down, you can replace the differential oil more frequently. The best way to find out how often should differential fluid be changed in your vehicle is to consult the operator’s manual or go to the original dealership.
How often should differential fluid be changed?: Intervals of differential fluid changes
Why would the intervals for changing differential fluid vary? Since harsh operating environments degrade differential oil faster and put more strain on bearings and gears, they invite wear.
The continuing arms race between truck manufacturers for the maximum towing capabilities has culminated in trucks that put more strain on differentials than the models of the past. In the meantime, differential oil capacities have either been reduced or have remained constant.
For instance, look at the difference between a 1996 Ford F-250 Crew Cab and a 2021 model. In 1996, the total towing capability was 10,500 lbs., with a rear differential holding 3.75 quarts of gear oil. The 2021 version has a towing capability of up to 15,200 pounds and a rear differential that carries between 3.3 and 3.5 quarts of differential oil.
More towing power with less gear oil
What is the significance of this for your vehicle?
It ensures that less gear oil is in charge of protecting against increased temperatures and strain. In these extreme conditions, inferior gear oils will shear and lose viscosity permanently. As a fluid layer is sheared, it weakens, ruptures, and enables metal-to-metal interaction, ultimately resulting in bearing and gear failure.
Temperature increases are also an issue.
Gear lubricants lose viscosity as temperatures rise. In the meantime, extreme pressures and loads can cause the fluid film to break, resulting in increased metal-on-metal heat and friction. Heat and friction start to significantly increase, resulting in a vicious loop known as thermal runaway, which inevitably results in markedly elevated wear and unfixable damage to equipment.
More severe operating conditions necessitate more regular differential oil changes
Most vehicle manufacturers advise replacing differential oil more often in vehicles that are consistently operating in extreme conditions, such as regular hauling or towing, especially in hotter weather. Those limitations extend to almost anyone who has towed a trailer/boat/camper anywhere in North America for the majority of the year.
Bottom line: To fully optimize your vehicle’s towing and hauling abilities, use a high-performance 100% pure synthetic gear oil.
Reduced waste. Less mess. No more frustration.
AMSOIL SEVERE GEAR® Synthetic Gear Oil is engineered for extreme operation. Through rigorous applications, it retains viscosity more than other synthetic and traditional gear oils, and it uses specialized anti-wear additives for additional security.
AMSOIL SEVERE GEAR® easy-pack not only saves money over OEM-branded gear oils, but it also avoids the hassle of replacing gear lube. Its adaptable nature allows you to quickly access hard-to-reach fill holes whilst extracting all of the gear oil from the pack.
Benefits of AMSOIL SEVERE GEAR®
- Advanced wear resistance, even with water contamination up to 15%1
- Regulates thermal runaway
- Defends against corrosion and rust
- Assists in the reduction of temperatures
- Extended seal, equipment, and oil life
SEVERE GEAR® is intended for owner/operators that expect the greatest gear oil for their vehicle. Its superior film strength was designed for heavy load conditions. SEVERE GEAR® decreases friction and offers the best wear defense. Extreme temperatures are no match for this high-performance product. It maintains quality and surpasses standard gear oils. SEVERE GEAR® is fantastic for both trucks and cars, but is particularly superb for hauling, towing, industrial use, racing, and other heavy duty applications.
- Performs well under high heat and cold temperatures.
- Defends against elevated heat, preventing oil breakdown, the production of acids, and varnish/carbon deposits.
- Wax-free design also increases cold-flow abilities, resulting in better gas mileage and shifting in cold-weather.
- Provides 20% more cold-temp defense than is necessary for industry standards.
1Based upon AMSOIL testing of AMSOIL Synthetic SEVERE GEAR® 75W-90 and Long-Life 75W-90 Synthetic Gear Lube in ASTM 3233 and ASTM D892.